Rural Road Connectivity is not only a key component of Rural Development by promoting access to economic and social services and thereby generating increased agricultural incomes and productive employment opportunities in India, but it is also as a result, a key ingredient in ensuring sustainable poverty reduction. Notwithstanding the efforts made, over the years, at the State and Central levels, through different Programmes, many Habitations in the country are still not connected by All-weather roads. It is well known that even where connectivity has been provided, the roads constructed are of such quality (due to poor construction or maintenance) that they cannot always be categorized as All-weather roads. 1.2 With a view to redressing the situation, the Government had launched the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana on 25th December 2000 to provide all-weather access to eligible unconnected habitations. The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana 1 (PMGSY) is a 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme. 0.75/ liter out of the Cess on High-Speed Diesel (HSD) is earmarked for this Programme.
The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), was launched by the Government of India to provide connectivity to unconnected Habitations as part of a poverty reduction strategy. Govt. of India is endeavoring to set high and uniform technical and management standards and facilitating policy development and planning at the State level in order to ensure sustainable management of the rural roads network.
According to the latest figures made available by the State Governments under a survey to identify Core Network as part of the PMGSY program, about 1.67 lakh Unconnected Habitations are eligible for coverage under the program. This involves the construction of about 3.71 lakh km. of roads for New Connectivity and 3.68 lakh km. under upgradation. More
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